• Cedric Dover, American Negro Art, (Greenwich: New York Graphic Society) 1960.

  • Allan M. Gordon, The Black Image, (Sacramento: The E. B. Crocker Art Gallery) 1974.

  • Robert Henkes, The Art of Black American Women: Works of Twenty-Four Artists of the Twentieth Century. (London: McFarland & Company, Inc.) 1993.

  • Sharon Patton, African-American Art, (New York: Oxford UP) 1998.

  • Regenia A. Perry, Free Within Ourselves: African-American Artists in the Collection of the National Museum of American Art, (San Francisco: Pomegranate Artbooks) 1992.

  • Richard S. Powell, Black Art and Culture in the 20th Century, (New York: Thames and Hudson, Inc.) 1997.

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