The 30th Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Red Springs, Macon County, Tennessee in October, 1861. Men of this unit were recruited in Sumner Robertson, Smith, and Macon counties. Serving in the Western Department, it was captured in the fight at Fort Donelson in February, 1862. After the exchange it was assigned to Gregg's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, and saw action at Chickasaw Bayou, Raymond and Jackson. Later it servedin Gregg's, Bates, Tyler's, and Palmer's Brigade, Army of Tennessee. The 30th participated in the campaigns of the army from Chickamauga to Atlanta, moved back to Tennessee with Hood, and was involved in the North Carolina operations. About 450 men were fit for duty at Fort Donelson. During the fight at Raymond, it had 7 killed, 28 wounded, and 1 missing. The unit took 185 to Chickamauga and in December, 1863, totalled 106 men and 58 arms. Very few surrendered in April, 1865. The field officers were Colonels John W. Head and J. J. Turner, Lieutenant Colonel Robert W.H. Murphy, and Major Bell G. Bidwell.