Master Plan Part I

I


STONE MOUNTAIN MEMORIAL

REPORT AND PLANS PREPARED FOR THE STONE MOUNTAIN MEMORIAL ASSOCIATION ATLANTA, GEORGIA BY ROBERT AND COMPANY ASSOCIATES ARCHITECTS ~ ENGINEERS ATLANTA GA {published 1959}

CONTENTS

Page

FOREWORD ................................................................................................1

HISTORY .................................................................................................2

Location and Physical Description .......................................................................2

History..................................................................................................3

Existing Conditions......................................................................................4

Latest Efforts...........................................................................................4-5

MASTER PLAN.............................................................................................6

General and Boundaries...................................................................................6-7

Recreational............................................................................................7-9

Commemorative...........................................................................................9

Educational and Scientific...............................................................................9-10

Facilities and Services.................................................................................10-11

Circulation.............................................................................................12-14

Lakes...................................................................................................14-16

Landscape................................................................................................16-18

Utilities................................................................................................18-20

ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN....................................................................................21

General.................................................................................................21

Administration Building.................................................................................21-22

Restaurant..............................................................................................22

Bus Terminal and Concession Building....................................................................22

Mountaintop Facilities..................................................................................22-23

Museum..................................................................................................23

Amphitheater............................................................................................23-24

Boat Dock................................................................................................24

Park Shelters...........................................................................................24

Entrance Gates..........................................................................................25

COST ESTIMATES..........................................................................................26

Ultimate Development....................................................................................26

First Stage.............................................................................................27

Second Stage............................................................................................28

Third Stage.............................................................................................29

PLANS AND ILLUSTRATIONS

Following Page

Metropolitan Area..................................................................................................1

Location Map.......................................................................................................2

Traffic Flow Map...................................................................................................2

Vicinity Map.......................................................................................................3

Existing Conditions Plan...........................................................................................4

Master Plan, Colored...............................................................................................5

Master Plan........................................................................................................8

Circulation........................................................................................................14

Administration and Restaurant......................................................................................21

Bus Terminal.......................................................................................................22

Mountaintop Facilities.............................................................................................23

Museum.............................................................................................................23

Open Air Theater...................................................................................................24

Boat Dock..........................................................................................................24

Entrance Gate......................................................................................................25

FOREWORD

This report summarizes existing conditions at Stone Mountain Memorial Park and contains recommendations for the development of this nationally-known phenomenon located on the outskirts of Atlanta in DeKalb County, Georgia.

The recommendations for the development of the Stone Mountain Memorial Park include discussions of land use, vehicular and pedestrian circulation, type and style of buildings, commemorative and recreational features, landscape treatment and utilities.

This report and the drawings supplementing it have been prepared by Robert and Company Associates, Architects and Engineers, of Atlanta. Based on preliminary investigations and surveys, these studies show that this development is not only feasible but when executed will be one of the outstanding Memorial Parks in the United States.

HISTORY

Location and Physical Description

Stone Mountain is located in DeKalb County, Georgia, 16 miles east of downtown Atlanta on U S Highway 78. The mountain is visible from buildings in downtown Atlanta. The city skyline of tall buildings is an interesting feature in the panoramic view from the top of the mountain.

Stone Mountain is a single dome-shaped light grey monolith slab of granite almost free from deep cracks and crevices. It is about two miles in length, one half mile wide and towers nearly 800 feet above the surrounding countryside. It is approximately seven miles around the base

Stone Mountain is reported to be the largest exposed granite slab in North America. Georgians proudly refer to it as "The Eight Wonder of the World." With the exception of moss and lichen growth, its surface is generally bare of vegetation; however, a few crevices support limited groups of dwarfed pine. The top of the mountain is irregularly rounded, smooth grey stone The north surface is an almost sheer precipice. It is on this face that the carving memorializing Southern Civil War leaders was begun.

The surrounding countryside is a rolling plain with a good cover of pine and deciduous trees. Several streams and springs interlace the area, making the development of an attractive park area easy.

History

The idea of carving a memorial to leaders of the Confederacy on the face of Stone Mountain was conceived in 1914. The United Daughters of the Confederacy took up the idea, and in 1916 formed the Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial Association. The Association commissioned Gutzon Borglum to design and execute a carving on the north face of Stone Mountain. World War I interfered and no actual work was started until 1923,

Borglum was not progressing to the satisfaction of the Association and was replaced by Augustus Lukeman in 1925 Borglum destroyed his models; Lukeman prepared a new, somewhat different, less elaborate design. Lack of funds stopped the work again in 1928. In 1941 both Borglum and Lukeman were dead.

Existing Condition

The carving at this time consists of a fairly complete Lee, the outline of his horse Traveler, and a rough blocking out of the figures of Jefferson Davis and Stonewall Jackson. It will be seen at three prepared major vantage points within the park. The distances of these points will vary from 300 feat at the base of the mountain below the carving, to approximately 1,000 feet at the viewing terrace of the Administration Building, and about one mile at the overlook area near the proposed park entrance on relocated Highway 78.

Latest Efforts

In 1958 the General Assembly of the State of Georgia passed an Act to create the Stone Mountain Memorial Association. It authorizes the Association to:
(a) Acquire from the State or any county or to purchase from any individual, association or corporation, Stone Mountain and any other property adjacent thereto;
(b) Construct, reconstruct, lay out, repair, develop, improve, maintain, manage and operate Stone Mountain and property adjacent thereto as a Confederate Memorial;
(c) Provide for the condemnation of any portion of the property which cannot be acquired by gift or purchase;
(d) Provide for financing, acquisition, construction, development, improvement, maintenance, management, and operation of the property by the issuance of bonds payable from revenues, rents and earnings of the Association .
The General Assembly authorized the issuance of bonds in a sum not to exceed $2,500,000 and appropriated $1,500,000 to buy 2,500 acres of land. The mountain and surrounding land has been bought.

In 1959 the General Assembly of the State of Georgia passed another Act to:
(a) Amend the Act approved February 1958 known as the "Stone Mountain MemoriaI Association Act."
(b) Provide for the acquisition of such land area as may be necessary for the purpose of the Act, and to pay such price as may be agreed upon;
(c) Authorize the Association to issue bonds in a sum not to exceed $5,000,000 for the purpose of paying all or any part of the cost of the project.



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