Master Plan Part III

III

Facilities and Services

The area north of the mountain will be limited to development of facilities that would contribute to enjoyment of the park's natural, historic, and scientific interests and their interpretive program. These facilities will include: An administration building which will be the focal point in the park and the visitor-interpretive center. It will be the place where everything will start, where the story of the mountain, the memorial carving and other interests, natural, geological, historical, archeological will be told, and the main concessionaires will be located.

A big observation terrace is planned in front of the administration building, equipped with benches and chairs, beautifully landscaped, to enjoy the view of the mountain and memorial in comfortable leisure. The view in front of the terrace will be enhanced by the proposed clearing of this area. Walks will lead from the terrace curving through the edge of the forest growth to the base of the memorial carving.

A restaurant adjoining the administration building will give dinners a striking view of the mountain and the memorial carving and will be an attraction to both local and visiting public.

Boat docks, one equipped as a marina with slips, storage and repair shop, built near the administration building where the sightseeing boat trips will start., The other boat dock will be on the south side of the mountain and the shelter of this dock will be the station for the cable car.

On the top of the mountain will be a bus terminal, restaurant, concessions, rest rooms, first aid station, in one building; in another there will be the observation and fire control tower. Eventually memorial plazas will be built. A bus waiting shelter will be located at the foot of the mountain on the west side; park and picnic shelters with rest rooms will be built at many places properly distributed over the whole area,

Other facilities will be the maintenance headquarters and shop, storage facilities, service and repair facilities, a gasoline station, first aid and police station.

Circulation

The State Highway Department plans to relocate Highway 78 to the northerly limits of the park, bypassing the City of Stone Mountain on the west. The main entrance will be from this new highway. An overpass or underpass will be built to avoid interference from left turns and to provide safe access for those entering the park from east as well as a safe exit for those leaving the park to travel toward the west. Entrance from the west and exit to the east can be accomplished directly by right-hand turns.

The most startling view of the mountain is obtained from this entrance point. To invite unacquainted first-time visitors to stop, an overlook parking area will be located immediately past the entrance gate. The position of this overlook area will be to the right of the incoming traffic lane to maintain safe and uninterrupted flow into and out of the park.

The entrance road is so designed as to take advantage of the scenic interests of the area traversed. The sightseer-driver will be led directly to the administration building The day-use patrons seeking the active recreation areas will be separated and led to those areas.

A secondary entrance is planned on the westerly side of the park by the way of a road through the City of Stone Mountain. This entrance gate will be reached by a secondary road from Highway 78. At this secondary entrance a traffic circle is planned to handle the traffic at this important crossing without the need of traffic lights.

At this traffic circle will be the starting point of the mountain road leading to the top of the mountain This mountain road will have a gradient of 12% and visitors will not be permitted to drive their own automobiles to the top. A bus system operated by the park management or a special type of city bus will transport people to the top and return them to the base of the mountain. The foot path to the top of the mountain also starts at this point.

The main scenic drive is not only the most important circulation feature, but will be also one of the main sightseeing attractions. It will lead the visitors around the mountain, open the varied vistas to the mountain and lake, will lead to the diverse active and passive recreational areas. It will have many small dispersed parking and picnic areas along its way. Special effort will be made to soften the parking areas by tree preservation and planting to assure a park atmosphere, and to eliminate unsightly large areas of pavement.

Another scenic drive will start on the south side, at the first existing lake, taking the visitors to the other side of the lake where they will see the mountain scenery reflected in the water surface.

Sightseeing boats will circle around the mountain, starting at the administration building on the north, to the cable-car station on the south. This boat ride with the planned cable-car to the top of the mountain on the dramatic south side will be one of the thrilling experiences. A combination round trip ride will be available.

The whole circulation system described above is designed to provide direct access to all the points of interest.

The mountain trail, blended into the landscape, and pedestrian walks throughout points of interest are the last but not unimportant features in the circulation system. They will be very carefully planned and landscaped. The trail will be marked for day and night use, perhaps on the steeper places handrail will be added to mark the trail and as a safety factor. Where the climb is tough or where the landscape is interesting rest stops with benches will be instal led.

Lakes

One of the main attractions of the park will be a lake created by impounding Stone Mountain Creek approximately 2,000 feet below the confluence with Lake Creek. Stone Mountain Creek originates to the northwest of the mountain and flows in a southeasterly direction; Lake Creek originates southwest of the mountain and flows in an easterly direction, joining Stone Mountain Creek southeast of the mountain The impounded lake will nearly encircle the mountain.

The proposed dam will be an earth fill structure with the top about 40 feet above the valley floor The crest will be sufficiently wide to permit the construction of a rood across the top from which a wide expanse of the lake to the north and northwest may be viewed The spillway will be located east of the dam, cut through solid rock to avoid possibility of damage to the east abutment. The spillway will be designed to carry flows far in excess of any that have ever been experienced in this area, thereby alleviating the possibility of flood damage. The roadway on the dam will be bridged across the spillway.

The lake level will be at elevation 835 feet and the water surface will have an area of some 350 acres. Maximum depth of about 45 feet will occur just above the dam, although depths in excess of 5 feet will be available in over 80 percent of the area, thus providing excellent opportunities for boating and other aquatic activities.

The upper reaches of the lake area will be separated from the main body of water by low embankments. The water surface behind these embankments will be carried at a slightly higher elevation than the main body. These basins will act as settling basins to reduce the silt content of the entering stream flow. This silt content of the stream is generally high, particularly following heavy or extended period of rainfall. Efforts will be made to reduce this silt load before the water enters the main body of the lake, thereby maintaining the lake waters as clear as possible and in a condition to permit their continuous use by the public.



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