Master Plan Part IV

IV

Landscape

Stone Mountain Memorial will be reached over a new section of highway which will e designed as an example of safe and beautiful right-of-way development. It is hoped that the landscape treatment of this section of highway will be widely copied in the Atlanta area and that the complex of highways around Atlanta will link many attractive public recreation areas in the near future.

The rugged mass of Stone Mountain sets the scale and character of the landscape treatment of the Stone Mountain Memorial. The entire development is to be at a large scale in keeping with its key features.

The physical features of the site determined its pattern The masses of rock, the forest, the ravines made a general determination of the uses and circulation pattern.

In addition to the mountain itself, the quarries will be a point of interest. In the spring the miniature gardens of blooming lichens and miniature flowers in the flat rock area are sheer delight. The great weathered boulders in the woods at the foot of the mountain form bold natural gardens among the great hardwood trees, masses of mountain laurel, and small rivulets. At times of rain, the many waterfalls off the mountain are fascinating to watch.

A large part of the area of pine forest has been cut over in recent years. New trees have sprouted and the program of care and fertilization will bring their beauty back in a few years. Fortunately, the magnificent hardwood forests around the base of the mountain have been scarcely touched. The flowing trees and shrubs such as dogwood, redbud, azalea and mountain laurel are to be reinforced to provide a pageant of bloom The many native rare shrubs and flowers are to be protected. The island designated as a Botanical Garden is to receive special attention in these matters In addition to placing name labels at the beautiful existing trees and shrubs, a number of plants of interest to the student and the amateur horticulturist will be established and identified. The area will be served with a network of paths, a small picnic area and comfort station so that a person can comfortably spend the day.

The great lake of over three hundred and fifty acres with its boating and fishing facilities will be developed as an integral part of the natural scene. The waterline is to be steep enough to prevent the excessive growth of marsh plants and mosquitoes. Large trees are to be retained down to the water edge which will reduce erosion and make it comfortable to walk along the water's edge and to fish from the bank. In suitable places water-loving flowers will be planted along the banks. Back from the water flowering trees and shrubs will be planted in great quantities to provide a spring spectacle which will be comparable with or in time exceed Washington's cherry blossoms.

In the highly developed areas and particularly in the vicinity of the buildings the landscape treatment will continue to be bold, but will be carefully designed to meet the special requirements of the area. The design must carry out that of the buildings with which it is associated as well as that of the park as a whole. A key to obtaining a beautiful landscape treatment is careful and continuous supervision in order to properly carry out the intent of the plans and specifications. Landscape work like any fine craft requires careful attention to detail in order to obtain the full potential.

Utilities

Basic utilities will be provided to serve the areas open to public use. The development of these utilities will be in proportion to their use in the several areas of the park.

Potable water requirements will be served by the DeKalb County Water System; the ultimate development probably resulting in a tie between an existing main on Rockbridge Road, south of the mountain, thence around the east side of the mountain through the Administration Area and thence out of the West Entrance to tie back to the DeKalb System on the north side of the town of Stone Mountain. This main line will be of adequate size to provide the water demands and fire protection to the major buildings. Water will also be provided to the top of the mountain. Smaller branch lines from the main loop will carry water service to other facilities such as the boat dock, amphitheater, museum, etc., while even lesser lines will carry water to picnic and play areas. Water for irrigation of the gardens will be obtained by pumping from the lake.

Water carrying sanitary sewage will be provided for the main areas of development and population assembly. This is largely the administration area and the top of the mountain. Larger comfort stations in other areas will have individual septic tanks while sanitary pit privies will be provided in the more remote picnic areas. These sewage disposal facilities will all be in accord with standards of the State Department of Public Health. Methods of final disposal or sewage treatment will be coordinated with proposed sewage treatment being considered by the City of Stone Mountain and DeKalb County.

Roads within the park area will be, generally, of three classifications: Major Drives, First Class Minor Drives and Second Class Minor Drives. The major drives including the road to the top of the mountain, will be constructed to carry the full volume of traffic expected to visit the park. The main perimeter road should have at least 32 foot pavement width. First class minor roads will be paved, but pavement width will not exceed 20 feet. Second class minor roads will be graded and stabilized but not paved. The width will not exceed 20 feet.

Storm drainage will, as a whole, be provided for in the natural or graded slopes and the natural water courses. Inlets and pipe work will be held to a minimum and confined to the administration area and the interior of the amphitheater.

Electric power will be available from the Georgia Power Company. The area of service will probably be limited to the West Entrance, the Mountain Top and the Administration Area, including the Amphitheater and Boat Dock. While existing secondary circuits in the area may serve the initial demands, it is probable that future requirements will make tap to a primary circuit together with a transformer station necessary. Street or roadway lighting will be desirable on the road to the top of the mountain and along the main drive from the West Entrance to the Administration Area.




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