Squashes, Mellons, Cucubers, Potatoes; besides Peaches, Rasberries, and Strawberries, which their Woods abound in. Indians seldom plant Corn enough to last them the Year round, yet in some Measure they supply That Want by their Autum-Collection of black Walnuts, Victory Nuts, Chinkapins and Acorns, which they lay up for Winter-Store; from these they press wholesome Oyl, particularly from the Acorns of the Live Oak. The Kernels also of these Nuts and Acorns being beat in a Mortar to a Paste, serves to thicken and enrich their Broaths.

Besides roasting and boiling, they barbacue most of the Flesh of the larger Animals, such as Buffello's, Bear and Deer; this is performed very gradually, over a slow clear Fire, upon a large wooden Gridiron, raised two Feet above the Fire. By this Method of curing Venison it will keep good five or six Weeks, and by its being devested of the Bone, and cut into portable Pieces, adapts it to their Use, for the more easy Conveyance of it from their hunting Quarters to their Habitations. Fish is also thus preserved for the better Conveyance of it from the Maritim to the inland Countries. The manner of their roasting is by thrusting Sticks through Pieces of Meat, sticking them round the Fire, and often turning them. At their Festivals they make some compound Dishes, which, as I have often partook of, the following may serve as a Specimen of their Cookery. They stew the Lean of Venison till little Liquor remains, which is supplied with Marrow out of the Deer's Bones; to which is added, the milky Pulp of Maiz before it hardens. It is common with some Nations at great Entertainments, to boyl Bear, Deer, Panther, or other Animals, together in the same Pot; they take out the Bones, and serve up the Meat by itself, then they stew the Bones over again in the same Liquor, adding thereto Purslain and Squashes, and thicken it with the tender Grain of Maiz, this is a lushious Soup. A Fawn cut out of the Deer's Belly, and boiled in its natural Bag, is a Dish in great Esteem with them. The Pigeons, described p, 23. Vol. I. afford them some Years great Plenty of Oyl, which they preserve for Winter-Use; this and sometimes Bears-Fat they eat with Bread, with it they also supply the Want of Fat in wild Turkys, which in some Winters become very lean by being deprived of their Food by the numerous Flights of the migratory Pigeons devouring the Acorns, and other Mast. Oil drawn from Nuts and Acorns have also their peculiar Uses in Cookery. Indians (as has been before said) are often without Corn, (and from the same negligent Principle) when they have it, they are often without Bread, contenting themselves with eating the Grain whole, after being softened by boiling it with their Meat. They thicken their Broths with Roccahamony, which is indeed, for that Purpose, much preferable to Oatmeal or French Barley. Peaches they dry in the Sun for Winter-Use, and bake them in the Form of Loaves. Phishimons, Whorts, and some other Fruit and wild Berries they alto preserve far Winter, using them in their Soups and other ways. Indians also eat the Earth-Nuts, which they call Tuccaho. Turkys, Hares, Squirrels, with other smaller Animals, they roast with the Guts in their Bellies; they use instead of Salt Wood Ashes; yet I have seen among the Chicasaws very sharp Salt in cristalline Lumps, which they told me was made of a Grass growing on Rocks in fresh Rivers. Indians eat no raw Sallets, and have an Aversion to Pepper and Mustard. Victuals are common throughout the whole Kindred, and often to the whole Town, especially when they are in hunting Quarters, then they all fare alike, whoever of them kills the Game.

They have no Fence to part one another's Lots in their Corn-fields, every Man knows his own, and it scarce ever happens that they rob one another of so much as an Ear of Corn, which if any is found to do, the Thief is sentenced by the Elders to work or plant for him that was robbed, till he is recompensed for all the Damage he has suffered in his Cornfield: yet they make no Scruple to rob the English, having been taught this Lesson by the latter. They are very kind and charitable to one another, but more especially to those of their own Nation, for if any one of them have suffered Loss by Fire or otherwise, they make a general Collection for him, every one contributing to his Loss in proportion to his Abilities.


0f the Habitations of the Indians.

The Wigwams, or Cabbins of the Indians are generally either circular or oval, having but one Floor, but of various Dimensions, some containing a single Family, others four or five Families, but of the same Kindred. In building their Fabricks they stick into the Ground, at about four or five Feet asunder, very long pliant Poles, bending their Tops, and tying them together with Bark; then they brace them together with other Poles to strengthen them, afterwards covering them all over, both Roof and Sides, with Bark, particularly

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