racious Beasts. With these Skins they purchase of the English, Guns, Powder and Shot, woollen Cloath, Hatches, Kettles, Porridge-Pots, Knives, Vermilion, Beads, Rum, &c.

Their Methods of Hunting and Fishing differ from ours, particularly in their manner of deceiving Deer, by an artificial head of one, by which they the more easily come up with, and kill their Game. This is made with the Head of a Buck, the Horns being diminished by scraping them hollow for Lightness of Carriage; to the Head is left the Skin of the Breast and Neck, which is extended with Hoops for the Arms to enter; the Hunter's Coat is also a Deer's Skin; the Eyes are well represented by the globular shining Seeds of the Pavia, or Scarlet flowering Horse-Chesnut. In these Habilements an Indian will approach as near a Deer as he pleases, the exact Motion or Behaviour of a Deer being so well counterfeited by them, that it has been frequently known for two Hunters to come up with stalking Heads together and unknown to each other, so that an Indian has been kill'd instead of a Deer.

Their annual Custom of Fire-hunting is usually in October. At this Sport associate some Hundreds of Indians, who, spreading themselves in Length thro' a great Extent of Country, set the Woods on Fire, which with the Assistance of the Wind is driven to some Peninsula, or Neck of Land, into which Deers, Bears, and other Animals are drove by the raging mire and Smoak, and being hemm'd in are destroy'd in great numbers by their Guns.

Of their Sagacity

The Indians are generally allowed to have a good Capacity of their which seems adapted and even confined to their savage Way of Life. Reading and Writing is the highest Erudition that I have known or heard any of them attain to; though a great Number of them have been, and still continue to be educated at Williamsburg-College in Virginia, by the Benefaction of the great Mr. Boyle, whole pious Design was, that after attaining a due Qualification, they should inculcate amongst their Brethren true Religion and Virtue, yet I have never heard of an Instance conformable to that worthy Intention And so innate an Affection have they to their barbarous Customs, that though from their Infancy they have been bred, and fared well with the English yet as they approach towards Manhood, it is common for them to elope several Hundred Miles to their native Country, and there to resume their Skins, and savage Way of life, making no further Use of the Learning so unworthy bestowed upon them.

But I shall here remark, that although every Clan or Nation bath a Language peculiar to itself, there is one universal Language like the Lingau Franca to the Sea-Ports of the Mediterranean, which is understood by all their Chiefs and Great Men through a great Part of North America.

Though their Disesteem for Literature, or their Incapacity of attaining it is such, that is in some measure compensated by a Sagacity or Instinct that Europeans are incapable of, and which is particularly adapted to their Conveniency of Life. An lnstance or two is as follows:

When a Body of Indians set out on an hunting Journey of five Hundred Miles, more or less, perhaps where none of them ever were; after the imaginary Place of Rendez-vous is agreed on, they then consult what Direction it lies in, every one pointing his Finger towards the Place; though but little Variation appears in their Pointing, the Preference of Judgment is given to the Eldest; thus it being concluded on, they set out all singly, and different Ways, except the Women, who jog on a constant Pace, while the Men traverse a vast Tract of Land in Hunting on each Side, and meet together in small Parties at Night. Thus they proceed onward their Journey, and though they range some Hundred Miles from one another, they all meet at the Place appointed. And if any Obstruction happens, they leave certain Marks in the Way, where they that come after will understand how many have passed, and which Way they are gone. They are never lost, though at the greatest Distance From Home; and were they never were before, they will find their Way back by a contrary Way from that they went.

An Indian Boy that was brought up very young to School at Williamsburgh, at the Age of 9 or 10 Years, ran from School, found Means (no Body knew how) to pass over James River, and then travelled through the Woods to his native Home, though the nearest Distance was three Hundred Miles, carrying no Provision with him, nor having any thing to subsist on in his Journey, but Berries, Acorns, and such like as the Wood afforded, They know the north Point wherever they are; one Guide is by a certain Moss that grows most on the north Side of Trees.

Their Sagacity in tracing the Footsteps of one another is no less wonderful: On a dry Surface, where none but themselves are able to discern the least impression of any Thing, they often make Discoveries but on moist Land that is capable of Impression, they will give a near Guess, not only of the Number of Indians that have passed, but by the Make and Stitching of their Mockasins, will know of what Nation they are

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