Use for the Table, and are prepared various Ways, as their various Properties require. They are also of great Use for feeding Negroes, being a strong hearty Food.

English Beans and Peas degenerate after the first or second Years sowing, therefore an annual Supply of fresh Seeds from England is found necessary to have them good.


Convolvulus radice tuberosa esculenta: The American Potato.

Potatoes are the most useful Root in Virginia and Carolina, and as they are a great Support to the Negroes they are no small Part of a Planter's Crop, every one planting a Patch, or inclosed Field, in Proportion to the Number of his Slaves. I having been particular in the Description of the different Kinds and Figure of this Root, refer my Reader to it. Vol. II. p. 60.


Volubilis nigra, radice alba aut purpurea maxima tuberosa: The Yam.

The Culture of this useful Root seems confined within the Torrid Zone, it not affecting any Country, North or South, of either Tropick; Carolina is the farthest North I have known them to grow, and there more for Curiosity than Advantage, they increasing so little that few People think them worth propagating. Sir Hans Sloane, in his Natural History of Jamaica, has given an accurate Account of this Root; so I shall only observe, that next to the Potato this Root is of more general Use to Mankind than any other in the old and new World.


Arum maximum Aegyptiacum quod vulgo Colocasia: Eddoes.

This I have described and figured, Vol. II. p. 45.


Lilium, Sive Martagon Canadense flore luteo punctato: The Martagon.

The Indians boil these Martagon-Roots, and esteem them Dainties.


The common European Culinary Plants, viz.

Carrots, Parsneps, Turneps, Peas, Beans, Cabbage and Colliflowers, agree well with the Climate of Carolina; but after the first or second Years sowing, they are apt to degenerate. Therefore an annual Supply of fresh Seeds from England is found necessary to have them good. Thyme Savory, and all aromatick Herbs are more volatile here than in England. All other Culinary Roots, Pulse, and Herbacious Sallating are as easily raised, and as good as in England.

In Carolina and Virginia are introduced of all our English FRUIT TREES, tho' they do not equally agree with the Climates of these Countries.


Malus: The Crab and Apple-Tree.

Crabs in Carolina are the Product of the Woods, and differ but little from ours, except in the Fragrance of their Blossoms, which in March and April perfume the Air. Apples were introduced from Europe; they in Carolina are tolerably well tasted, though they keep but

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