There are three or four Kinds of Blackberries in the Woods, of
better Flavour than those in England; particularly one Kind
growing near the Mountains, approaching to the Delicacy of a Rasberry.
Morus fructu nigro: The English Mulberry-Tree.
The common black Mulberry produce not so large Fruit as they do
Morus Rubra: The Red Mulberry-Tree.
This the only native Mulberry of Carolina and Virginia,
the Fruit is long, red, and well tafted.
Morus fructu albo: The Silk-Worm Mulberry-Tree.
The Italian or Silk-Worm Mulberry, with small white and
some red Fruit. These were introduced into Virginia by Sir
William Berkely when he was Governour of that Province, for
feeding Silk-Worms, and at length were propagated in Carolina.
Cydonia: The Quince-Tree.
Quinces in Carolina have no more Astringency than an Apple,
and are commonly eat raw. In Nortb Carolina is made a kind
of Wine of them in much Esteem.
Ficus: The Fig -Tree.
Figs were first introduced into Carolina from Europe;
they will not grow any where but near the Sea, or Salt-Water, where
they bear plentifully; but they are of a small Kind, which may be
attributed to their Want of skilful Management. An excellent Liquor
is made of Figs, resembling Mum in Appearance and Taste:
This is most practiced at James's Island near Charles-town.
Mali Aurantia & Limonia: The Orange and Lemon-Tree.
Carolina being in the Climate which produces the best Oranges
and Lemons in the old World, they might therefore be expected to
abound here; but the Winters in Carolina being much more
severe than in those Parts of Europe in the same Latitude,
these Trees are frequently killed to the Ground by Frost. Yet when
they are planted near the Sea or Salt-Water, they are less liable
to be injured by Frosts, and bear succesive Crops of good Fruit.