The Pomegranate-Tree.

Pomegranates being equally tender with Oranges, require the like Salt-Water Situation; yet I remember to have seen them in great Perfection in the Gardens of the Hon. William Byrd, Esq; in the Freshes of James River in Virginia.

The Vine.

Grapes are not only spontaneous in Carolina, but all the northern Parts of America, from the Latitude of 25 to 45, the Woods are so abundantly replenished with them, that in some Places for many Miles together they cover the Ground, and are an Impediment to Travellers, by entangling their Horses Feet with their trayling Branches; and lofty Trees are over-top'd and wholly obscured by their Embraces. From which indications one would conclude; that these Countries were as much adapted for the Culture of the Vine, as Spain or Italy, which lie in the same Latitude. Yet, by the Efforts that have been hitherto made in Virginia and Carolina, it is apparent, that they are not blest with that Clemency of Climate, or Aptitude for making Wine, as the parallel Parts of Europe, where the Seasons are more equal, and the Spring not subject, as in Carolina, to the Vicissitudes of Weather, and alternate Changes of Warmth and Cold, which, by turns, both checks and agitates the rising Sap, by which the tender Shoots are often cut off. Add to this the ill Effects they are liable to by too much Wet, which frequently happening at the time of ripening, occasions the rotting and bursting of the Fruit. Though the natural Causes of these Impediments may not presently be accounted for, yet it is to be hoped that Time and an assiduous Application, will obviate these inclement Obstructions of so beneficial a Manufacture as the making of Wine may prove.

P I N U S.
Of Pine-Trees.

There are in Carolina four Kinds of Pine-Trees, which are there distinguished by the Names of

Pitch Pine,
Rich-land Pine,
Short-leav'd Pine,
Swamp Pine.

The Pitch-Pine is the largest of all the Pine-Trees, and mounts to a greater Height than any of them; its Leaves and Cones are also larger and longer than those of the other Kinds; the Wood is yellow, the Heart of it is so replete with Turpentine, that its Weight exceed that of Lignum Vitae; of this Wood, therefore, is made Pitch, Tar, Rosin, and Turpentine. The Wood is the most durable, and of more general Use than any of the other Kinds of Pines, particularly for Staves, Heading and Shingles, i.e. Covering for Houses: These Trees grow generally on the poorest Land.

The Rich-land Pine is not so large a Tree, nor are its Leaves nor Cones so long as those of the Pitch-Pine; besides, the Wood contains much less Rosin; the Grain is of a yellowish white Colour; the Wood of this Tree is inferior to that of the Pitch-Pine, though it splits well, and has its peculiar Uses: These grow in better Land than the Pitch Pine.

The Short-leav'd Pine is usually a small Tree, with short Leaves and small Cones. It delights in middling Land, and usually grow mixed with Oaks.

The Swamp-Pine grows on barren wet Land; they are generally tall and large; the Cones are rather large. These Trees afford little Rosin, but are useful for Masts, Yards, and many other Necessaries.

There is also in Carolina a Fir which is there called Spruce-Pine.

The numerous Species of the Fir and Pine which our northern Colonies abound in, have (till of late) been little known to the Curious, of whom no one has contributed more than my indefatigable Friend Mr. P. Collinson, who, by procuring from the different Parts of America a great Variety of Seeds, and Specimens of various Kinds, has a large Fund far a complete History of this useful Tree.


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