In September 1722, at Fort Moor a little Fortress on the Savannah River, about midway between the Sea and Mountains, the Waters rose twenty-nine feet in less than forty Hours. This proceeded only from what Rain fell on the Mountains, they at the Fort having had none in that space of Time.

It came rushing down the River so suddenly, and with that impetuosity that it not only destroyed all their Grain, but sweeped away and drowned the Cattle belonging to the Garison. Islands were formed, and others joined to the Land. And in some Places the Course of the River was turned. A large and fertile Tract of low Land, lying on the South Side of the River, opposite to the Fort, which was a former Settlement of the Savannah Indians, was covered with Sand three Feet in Depth, and made unfit for Cultivation. This steril Land was not carried from the higher Grounds, but was washed from the steep Banks of the River. Panthers, Bears and Deer, were drowned, and found lodg'd on the Limbs of Trees. The smaller Animals suffered also in this Calamity; even Reptiles and Insects were dislodged from their Holes, and violently hurried away, and mixing with harder Substances were beat in Pieces, and their Fragments (after the Waters fell) were seen in many Places to cover the Ground.

There is no Part of the Globe where the Signs of a Deluge more evidently appears than in many Parts of the Northern Continent of America, which, though I could illustrate in many Instances, let this one suffice. Mr. Woodward, at his Plantation in Virginia, above an Hundred Miles from the Sea, towards the Sources of Rappahannock River, in digging a Well about seventy Feet deep, to find a Spring, discovered at that Depth a Bed of the Glossopetrae, one of which was sent me. All Parts of Virginia, at the Distance of Sixty Miles, or more, abound its Fossil Shells of various Kinds, which in Stratums lie imbedded a great Depth in the Earth, in the Banks of Rivers and other Places, among which are frequently found the Vertibras, and other Bones of Sea Animals. At a Place in Carolina called Stono, was dug out of the Earth three or four Teeth of a large animal, which, by the concurring Opinion of all the Negroes, native Africans, that saw them, were the Grinders of an Elephant, and in my Opinion they could be no other; I having seen some of the like that are brought from Africa.

Of the Aborigines of America.

Concerning the first peopling of America, there has been various Conjectures how that Part of the Globe became inhabited. The most general Opinion is, that it was from the northern Parts of Asia. The Distance between the western Parts of the old World and America is too well known to suppose a Passage that Way Practicable, from one Continent to the other. The Difference from the eastermost Part of the old World to America not being known, there is a probability that the Continent the north-case Part of Asia, may be very near, it not contiguous to that of America; or according to the Japonese Maps in Sir Hans Sloan's Museum the Passage may be very easy from a Chain of Islands at no great Distance from each other there laid down. The great Affinity of the Americans with the Eastern Tartars in the Resemblances of their Features, Hair, Customs, & c. adds some Weight to this Conjecture. But, without taking upon me to determine this Point, I shall attempt to give some Account off these American Aborigines as they now exist.

Though the Difference between the Inhabitants of the various Parts of the old World is such as would startle one's Faith, to consider them all as Descendants of Adam, in America it is otherwise. The Inhabitants there (at least of the northern Hemisphere, if not from Pole to Pole) seem to be the same People, or sprung from the same Stock; this Affinity in the Aborigines of America with one another, holds not only in regard to Resemblance, in Form and Features, but their Customs, and Knowledge of Arts are in a manner the same; some little Differences may be in the Industry of one Nation more than others, and a small mechanick Knowledge that some may have more than others. I am the more perswaded to this Opinion, having had many Opportunities of seeing and observing the various Nations of Indians inhabiting the whole Extent of North America from the Equinoctial to Canada, particularly the Charibeeans, Muskitos, Mexicans, F1oridans, and those extending on the back of all our Colonies, the northernmost of which differ no otherwise from the Charibeeans (who inhabit near the Equinoctial) than in being not altogether so swarthy, and generally somewhat of a larger Stature.

I have not the like Knowledge of the Inhahitants of South America, but from what I could ever learn of them, the Characters of their Persons, Customs, &c. differ but little from those of the North. If the Relations of Herrera, Solis, and other Spanish Authors could be relied on, they were, I confess, enough to excite in us a high Opinion of the Knowledge and Politeness of the Mexicans even in the more abstruse Arts of Sculpture and Architecture, the darling Sciences of the Ancients, and which added such Glory to the Greeks and Romans, whose unparallel'd Fabricks still remain a Testimony of their superiour Know-

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