1 Robert Elman, First in the Field: America's Pioneering Naturalists (New York: Van Nostrand Rienhold Company, 1977) 14.

      2 Elman 13.

      3 Mark Catesby, Natural History of America, vol. 1 (London: 1731) v.

      4 Samuel Dale, letter to William Sherard, February 24, 1718 qtd. in Henrietta McBurney, Mark Catesby's Natural History of America (Houston: Museum of Fine Arts, 1997) 13-14.

      5 George Frederick Frick and Raymond Phineas Stearns, Mark Catesby, the Colonial Audubon (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1961) 18 qtd by McBurney 14.

      6 David Scofield Wilson, In the Presence of Nature (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1978) 128.

      7 McBurney 14.

      8 David Brigham treats the topic of Catesby's sponsors in great detail in his article "Mark Catesby and the Patronage of Natural History in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century" in Empire's Nature: Mark Catesby's New World Vision, ed. Amy R.W. Meyers and Margaret Beck Pritchard (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988)91-146.